quinta-feira, 18 de junho de 2020

Report of Mission 41 in Habitat Marte - June 5th to 11th, 2020.


Report of Mission 41 in Habitat Marte



June 5th to 11th, 2020.


Members of the mission:


Prof. Julio Rezende (Brazil)


E-mail: juliofdrezende@hotmail.com.


Davi Souza (Brazil)


E-mail: daviafs15@gmail.com


David Mascarenhas (Portugal)




Agnieszka Elwertowska (Poland)

Invited researcher

E-mail: agnelwer@gmail.com


Dr. Sian Proctor (United States)

Invited Researcher 

E-mail: dr.sianproctor@gmail.com


Eva Blaisdell (United States)

Invited Researcher

E-mail: eva.blaisdell@californiaspacecenter.com


General objective:

Imagine the operation of a self-sustainable Moon habitat.



The main goal of the mission was to developed a concept of the Lunar Green Sustainable Habitat. The members of the mission 41 were Julio Rezende (Brazil), Davi Souza (Brazil) and David Mascarenhas (Portugal). The mission presents the following invited researchers: Agnieszka Elwertowska (Poland), Eva Blaisdell (United States) and Dr. Sian Proctor (United States).


Activities developed during the mission:

- developed a concept of the Lunar Green Sustainable Habitat;

- Improvement of the virtual mission methodology;

- Live on Instagram with Eva Blaisdell;

- Live on Facebook with Dr. Sian Proctor;

- Presentation by Agnieszka Elwertowska;

- Development of new protocols.




Sol 1: June, 5th 2020 (Friday): 




- Preparation of report.


- Preparation of report


- Video call with the first crew members. One of the members needed to leave the mission.


- Report 


Sol 2: June, 6th 2020 (Saturday): 




- Preparation of report.


- Preparation of report.


- First Meeting about Moon habitat.


- Report 


Sol 3: June 7th, 2020 (Sunday): 




- Preparation of methodology.


- Sending the first messages to the team


- Preparation of methodology.


- Presentations by Julio Rezende (Main Station) and David Mascarenhas (Engineering center).


- Preparation of the report and off-line activities. Interactions using Whatsapp group.


Sol 4: June 8th, 2020 (Monday): 




- Writing the report.


- Preparing the methodology of the mission.


- Presentation of Davi Souza about BioRegenerative Life Support Systems for Moon habitats.

Weather Location: Natal/ Brazil.

Date: June, 8th 2020.

Time: 2:30 PM (Brazil Time) – 5:30 PM GMT

Temperature: 28o

Humidity: 76%

Rain: 14%

Sky: Sunny.



- off line activities and report writing.


Sol 5: June 9th, 2020 (Tuesday):




- Preparing report.


- Awake;

- Preparing report.


- Virtual Meeting: Considerations of self-sustainable habitats for the Moon.

Weather Location: Natal/ Brazil.

Date: June, 9th 2020.

Time: 10 AM (Brazil Time) – 1 PM GMT

Temperature: 28o

Humidity: 78%

Rain: 18%

Sky: Sunny.



- Program Space Snacks by Dr. Sian Proctor with Julio Rezende and Davi Souza.


- Live on Instagram with invited researcher Eva Blaisdell.


- Preparing the report.


Sol 6: June 10th 2020 (Wednesday):




- Writing the report;


- Wake up;


- Contacting the crew; 


- Preparation of the presentations.


Weather Location: Natal/ Brazil.

Date: June, 10th 2020.

Time: 14:20 PM (Brazil Time) – 17:20 PM GMT

Temperature: 29o

Humidity: 74%

Rain: 31%

Sky: Sunny. 


- Virtual meeting. Presentations about: 

1. Bigelow;

2. PneumoPlanet,

3. Remnant,

4. Lunarizon,

5. Urban,

6. Moon Village.



- Preparation of the report.


Sol 7: June, 11th 2020 (Thursday):




- Preparation of report.

Weather Location: Natal/ Brazil.

Date: June, 11th 2020.

Time: 9:45 PM (Brazil Time) – 12:45 PM GMT

Temperature: 24o

Humidity: 90%

Rain: 30%

Sky: Cloudy.


- Video meeting with Agnieszka and presentation and discussion about time of development, type of habitat, facilities and functionalities.


- Preparation of the report.


- Virtual meeting to evaluate final version of the report and the draft of a possible abstract and article.


- Writing the report.



Results and final considerations

The 41st mission of the Habitat Marte space analog research station took place from the 5th to the 11th of June, 2020. This mission was about the development of a concept of a lunar self-sustainable habitat. The members of mission 41 were Julio Rezende (Brazil), Davi Souza (Brazil) and David Mascarenhas (Portugal). The mission had the following invited researchers: Agnieszka Elwertowska (Poland), Eva Blaisdell (United States) and Dr. Sian Proctor  (United States).

This mission was the third time that participants were designated as chiefs of the following facilities of the space habitat: Main Station, Engineering Center and Life Support Center.

It was also the third time that the crew operated with CapCom, a moment in which personal reports/local data collections are transmitted to the commander and other members of the crew; CAPCOM methodology. CAPCOM is the communication liaison between the astronauts and Mission Controls Centre – this role is designated to the commander. CAPCOM is an acronym for ‘Capsule Communicator”, used to streamline the sharing of information.  


As the final result of mission 41, the Proposal for a Moon Self-sustainable Habitat was presented. The final considerations are the following:



Proposal of Mission 41 for a Moon Self-sustainable Habitat

The crew of mission 41 reflected about the operation of a future Moon Self-Sustainable Habitat. This is the main achievement of the virtual mission of Habitat Marte.


Lunar Green Self sustainable habitat



This research proposes of a lunar self-sustainable habitat: Lunar Green. The challenge of this research was not to only examine the human presence on the Moon, but how this permanence would be self-sustainable. 

Theory review

 Conducted review aimed to observe the features and issues to build a sustainable and reliable architecture on the Moon surface. The crew developed a survey about specific topics available in the literature to understand the functionalities of the already existent concepts and propose guidelines a new one.




1. Definition of the transportation system;

2. Definition of Main Facilities and features of space habitat;

3. Review of the proposals for models of lunar habitats and features;

4. Proposition of the concept of  Lunar Green Self sustainable habitat.




1.Definition of the transportation system:  choice of Starship based in the payload, the rocket research and development process and investment. The Green Lunar ˙Habitat was based on the Starship carrier, a best option for bringing larger content.


2. Definition of Main Facilities:

- Main Station;

- Life Support Center;

- Engineering Center.


2.1. Each facility was depicted describing: 

1) Possible Concept/ Visual concept;

2) Technologies to build the habitat (e.g. 3d Printing, rocket bodies/ capsules/ modules);

3) Functionalities of your facility/ infrastructure;

4) Duties of your position; 

5) Possible activities to be developed in your facility. If you are trapped in a specific facility what possible activities would be developed by the trapped / locked astronaut, what are possible routines?

6) Guidelines to be provided to other facilities/ whole station

7) Guidelines to be applied to daily lives in Earth;



3. Review of the proposals for models of lunar habitats:

1. Bigelow: https://bigelowaerospace.com/pages/b330

2. PneumoPlanet: http://www.marshabitat.space/moonhabitat.html

3. Remnant: https://www.instarztech.com/remnant

4. Lunarizon: http://www.lunarizon.com/

5. Urban: https://www.esa.int/Enabling_Support/Preparing_for_the_Future/Discovery_and_Preparation/3D_printing_our_way_to_the_Moon

6. Moon Village: https://www.esa.int/Education/Teach_with_the_Moon/ESA_Euronews_Moon_Village


3.1. Each model was depicted describing:

1. Research group/ Main Researcher;

2. Website;

3. Features/ Characteristics;

4. Sustainability Issues;

5. Strengths;

6. Weakness;

7. General consideration/ Status of support technology development;

8. References.


4. Proposition of the concept of Green Moon Self sustainable habitat, observing design and materials of construction. The following results have been proposed:

1. Integrated facilities with decoupled modules;

2. Reuse of rocket’s structures;

3. Modules associated with inflatable materials; 

4. 3D printed materials and lunar regolith for radiation protection;

5. Buildings with dorms, workspace, technical facilities, laboratories, social hubs and greenhouses

6.  In-situ resource utilization the reduce mission payload.




It was concluded that, based on the use of Starship rockets, a crewed mission to the Moon would be possible by 2023. Establishing a fully operational, self-sustainable habitat would require 4 more years of development and construction.

Pre-fabricated modules would be launched and deployed during the first two years. The main station would be constructed during this time. 

A second step will include the construction of the engineering center, which would take two years. In this stage, the station would be operating with the use of pre-fabricated modules and initial construction of 3d printed habitat components would begin. In this stage, the engineering center will establish and be responsible for landing site operations and logistics issues regarding the use of tractors/rovers, 3D printers and robots to be used in the construction of the Habitat.

In the last 2 years, Bioregenerative and Life Support Systems operations would begin. In this stage, only raw materials for 3d printing would be used, based on in situ resource utilization of materials extracted through Moon mining operations: silicon, iron, aluminum and magnesium.

During the establishment process, the development of the habitat need to involve an environment-friendly idea, allowing greater comfort and well-being of the astronauts away from planet Earth. Keep the right management and control of the entire habitat is the key of a sustainable presence on the Moon. In this way, future discoveries and experiences in deep space will allow scientific and technological approaches to find innovative solutions in overall systems to avoid risks and keep astronauts safe for long-term manned mission.


David Mascarenhas evaluated how was the experience of the mission 41 to propose a lunar habitat during one week:

: Mission 41 was very fast-paced and productive; the virtual aspect of this mission gave the team an opportunity to focus more heavily on theoretical work. This resulted in the acquisition of unique insights into various challenges of establishing and operating a Moon base, along with innovative solutions and ideas. Some of these ideas are applicable to Earth, as well, giving new opportunities to explore solutions for environmental sustainability. Some insights into the personal impact that the Covid-19 epidemic can have on individuals were also acquired. Overall, the mission was exciting and the team clearly worked well together, both in terms of efficiency and socially.


Davi Souza evaluated how was the experience of the mission 41 to propose a lunar habitat during one week:: Starting from a subject of little knowledge from the members, we were immersed into a very interesting content that allowed us to achieve the objectives of the mission. Considering the 1 week period in which mission 41 took place, I am sure that focus and commitment were key factors during the research and presentations that were carried out. The virtual meetings provided moments of high productivity from the discussions generated. In a period of isolation, which can often generate uncomfortable and uneasy situations, it is providing to us, researchers and analog astronauts of Habitat Marte, a unique moment. The results being delivered on virtual missions, especially on this mission with the Lunar Green habitat, are contributing a lot to the space science community. In addition to promoting the training of participants on a given topic, we are interacting with individuals from different countries, causing an excellent cultural exchange. With that, I believe that the collaboration and the exchange of experience among the crew enabled several insights and generated a new point of view focused on the sustainability of future habitats on the Moon.



The MELiSSA GreenMOSS Preliminary Design Study: a Greenhouse Module on the Lunar Surface.URL: https://ttu-ir.tdl.org/bitstream/handle/2346/67682/ICES_2016_352.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Lunar habitats: A brief overview of issues and concepts

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352309318300014?via%3Dihub










The methodology of the mission was considered very positive by the members of the mission.


More information about the missions and Habitat Marte can be found at www.HabitatMarte.com. 

Prof. Julio Rezende (commander), Davi Souza (vice-commander) and David Mascarenhas (chief-engineer).


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