segunda-feira, 4 de maio de 2020

Report of International Mission 37 in Habitat Marte - April 30th - May 4th, 2020

Report of Mission 37 in Habitat Marte


Days: 
April 30th-May4th, 2020.

Members of the mission:
Prof. Julio Rezende (Brazil)
Commander

Agnieszka Elwertowska (Poland)
Vice-commander
E-mail: agnelwer@gmail.com

Marco Romero (Angola)
Chief engineeer

Eldridge de Melo (Angola)
Scientist-chief

Maria Kondoyanni (Greece)
BioHabitat Scientist-Chief 
E-mail: marykondoyanni@gmail.com.

Arturo Escobar (Argentina)
Space engineer
E-mail: arturo.escobar@spacegeneration.org.

Davi Souza (Brazil)
Invited Researcher

General objective:
Evaluates sustainability issues in space habitats and test the methodology of virtual and missions with participants of different countries.

Presentation
The mission 37 was the first mission with more international participants than Brazilian. Were members of this mission: Prof. Julio Rezende (Brazil), Agnieszka Elwertowska (Poland), Marco Romero (Angola), Eldridge de Melo (Angola), Maria Kondoyanni (Greece) Arturo Escobar (Argentina) and Davi Souza (Brazil).
All conversation and reports were made in English. During the Mission some opportunities of research ways to improve the methodology of virtual and hybrid missions were studied and discussed. On Saturday (May, 2nd, 2020), was held a webinar with Marco Romero and Eldridge de Melo on Space Education with a huge adhesion of participants from different parts of the world. On Sunday (May 3rd, 2020) was held a live presentation, transmitted on Google Hangouts, from Habitat Marte. Was very important the activities in Habitat Marte: was finished the construction of Deep Water Culture (DWC) Aquaponic System. Was also developed maintenance of the other aquaponic system in operation.

Activities developed during the mission:
- Test of the virtual and hybrid missions methodology;
- Broadcast of live about space education;
- Broadcast of live from Habitat Marte;
- Discussion on an abstract about recycling in Mars to be submitted to Mars Society Convention 2020;
- Construction of the Deep Water Culture – DWC aquaponic system in Habitat Marte.


MISSION TIMELINE

April 30, 2020 (Thursday)
TIME (GMT)
Activity
0h-4h
- Preparation of methodology;
- Discussion about the logo of the mission 37.
10h-12h
- Writing the report.
11h-12h
- Preparation of methodology.
12h
- First contact with the crew.
- Beginning of the mission.
12h-13h30m
- video call with the whole team;
- Mission reports;
- Next activities;
- Presentation of the basic guidelines for virtual missions;
- presentation of the offline task 1: space habitats management and support technologies.
13h30m-19h
- Preparation of the report and off-line activities. Interactions using Whatsapp group.
13h-13h35h
- Preparation of the report and off-line activities. Interactions using Whatsapp group.
13h35h
Weather report in Gdynia (Poland):
Temperature: 16C
Humidity: 55%
Weather: Sunny with some clouds
13h35h-16h10
- Preparation of the report and off-line activities. Interactions using Whatsapp group.
16h10
Weather report in Natal (Brazil):
Temperature: 26 C
Humidity: 75%
Weather:  sunny.
16h10-16h50m
- Preparation of the report and off-line activities. Interactions using Whatsapp group.
16h50m
Duration:Day 1
Site:Toulouse, France 
Time 18:50 Local Time
Eldrige de Melo: UV Index: 0 Low
Wind: W 17 km / h
Gusts: 28 km / h
Humidity: 52%
Dew Point: 9 ° C
Pressure: 1013.0 mb
Cloud cover: 75%
Visibility: 16 km
Temperature: 19°C (Clouds and Sun)
16h50m
- Preparation of the report and off-line activities. Interactions using Whatsapp group.
19h-20h30m
- Commenting the spacesuits and management of space habitats.
- Brazilian TV channel Ponta Negra interviewed professor Julio Rezende.
- Video call for evaluation of offline task 1 and Habitat Mars presents task 2: food production systems.
20h30m -24h
- Preparation of the report.

May 1st, 2020 (Friday)
TIME (GMT)
Activity
0h-4h
- Preparation of the report.
9h-9h55m
- Updating the mission patch and social media.
- Updating the report.
9h55m
9h55m:
Weather report in Natal (Brazil): 
Local Time: 5h55m.
Temperature: 26C
Humidity: 92%
Weather:  sunny.
11h-12h
- Preparation of methodology.
12h
- First contact with the crew.
12h-13h35m
- Beginning of the mission;
- video call with the whole team;
- Mission reports;
- Referrals (Next activities);
- Presentation of the basic guidelines for virtual missions;
- Video call for evaluation of offline task 2 and Habitat Marte presents task 3.
13h35m-17h
- Preparation of the report.

17h-18h
- Video call to evaluate the offline task 3 and Habitat Marte presents task 5.

22h30m-0h
- Notes of the mission.

May2nd, 2020 (Saturday)
TIME (GMT)
Activity
0h-4h
- Preparation of methodology.
9h-10h
- Updating the mission patch and social media.
- Updating the report.
10h28m
07:28 – Brazil (Local time)/10:28 AM GMT.
Location: Natal, Brazil. 
Temperature: 27 ° 
Chance of Rain 24%. 
Wind: W 11 km. 
Weather: Cloudy .
Crew Member: Julio Rezende (Commander).
10h-12h
- Breakfast.
- Construction of the Deep Water Culture – DWC aquaponic system.
- Video-call with Dalmo Santos (former member and aquaponics chief-scientist)
12h-13h
- Live presented by Eldrige de Melo and Marco Romero about space education.
13h15m-15h25m
- Travel from Habitat Marte to Natal (Local time: 10h45m-12h25m).
15h25m-16h20m
- Preparation of the report. (Habitat Marte – Brazil).
16h20m-17h
- Lunch time. (Julio Rezende– Brazil).
17h-18h30m
- Live evaluation;
- Video call to evaluate the offline task 5: education.
19h10m-22h30m
- Travel to Habitat Marte (Local time: 16h10m-19h30m)
22h30m-23h
- Protocolo f Aquaponic Systema maintenance in Habitat Marte
22h-22h30m
- Cosmic observation.
18h30m-24h
- Report 



May 3rd, 2020 (Sunday)
TIME (GMT)
Activity
0h-3h
- Writing the report;
- Test the Barbecue grill;
- Evaluation about the use of ultraviolet lightning;
- Discussion about improvements in the Habitat Marte;
- Preparation of the report.
3h-5h
- transporting fish from grow bed system to DWC. 
- Preparation of the report;
- Astronomy observation.
9h-10h
- Awake.
9h-12h-
- Construction of the Aquaponic System Deep Water Culture – DWC.
11h40m
Location: Athens, Greece
Time: 2:40 local time, 11:40 GMT
Temperature: 26 °C
Humidity: 29%
Wind: 11km/h
Weather: Partly cloudy 
Crew Member: Maria Kondoyanni (BioHabitat Scientist-Chief)
12h-12h50m
- Live from Habitat Marte: Theme: operations and research in Habitat Marte.
Access: https://cutt.ly/fyhOXTq
12h01m
Time: 12:01 GMT 
Place: Gdynia, Poland.
Temperature: 12*C
Humidity: 70%
Weather: Cloudy with some sun
Wind: 13 kmph
Crew Member: Agnieszka Elwertowska (Vice-commander)
13h45m-15h45m
Travel from Habitat Marte to Natal.
15h45m-17h
- Lunch;
- Preparation of the report.
17h01m
Time: 17:01 GMT 
Place: Gdynia, Poland.
Temperature: 13*C
Humidity: 59%
Weather: Sunny
Wind: 18 kmph
Crew Member: Agnieszka Elwertowska (Vice-commander)
17h05m
8:05 local time in Greece:
Temperature: 21°C
Humidity: 54%
Wind: 10km/h
Weather: Partly cloudy 
Crew Member: Maria Kondoyanni (BioHabitat Scientist-Chief)
17h-18h
- Sky conditions in Natal: sunny
- Temperature in Natal: 30 (14h5o).
- Video meeting.
18h-24h
- Preparation of the report


May, 4th, 2020 (Monday)
TIME (GMT)
Activity
0h-4h
- Preparation of the report.
12h-12h20m
- Video call for next steps to conclude the mission.
- Evaluation of last activities to be done during the mission
12h20m
City/ Country: Natal/Brazil
Time: 09:27 Local time (12:27 GMT)
Temperature: 27°C
Humidity: 87%
Weather: Rainy

City/ Country: Gdynia/ Poland
Time: 12:30 GMT
Temperature: 13*C
Humidity: 63%
Weather: Cloudy 
Wind: 18 kmph

City/ Country: Athens, Greece
3:28 local time (12:28 GMT)
Temperature :29°C
Humidity :28%
Wind:14km/h
Weather: party cloudy

City/ Country: Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Time: 09.30 am Ar / 12.30 pm GMT
Temperature: 15 ° C
Chance of Rain: 0%.
 Wind: 3 km/h
Weather: Cloudy .
Humidity: 95 %

City/ Country: Toulouse- France.
Temperature:25°
Max UV Index4 Moderate
Humidity50%
Cloud Cover0%
Visibility16 km
Time: 15:30
12h20m-13h15m
- Releasing a new version of the report.
13h15m-18h
- Final version report evaluation.
- Preparing final video reports
18h-19h
- Final meeting.
- Final fantasy journey
- Final mission evaluation.



Results and final considerations
From April 30th to May, 4th 2020, the 37th mission of the Habitat Mars research station took place. The mission 37 team was composed by researchers and analog astronauts Agnieszka Elwertowska (Vice-commander), Marco Romero (Chief engineeer), Eldridge de Melo (Scientist-chief), Maria Kondoyanni (BioHabitat Scientist-Chief), Arturo Escobar (Space engineer), Prof. Julio Rezende (Commander) and Davi Souza (Invited Researcher). The mission had a special focus on space habitats interdisciplinary sustainability. The mission was developed during 115 hours.
Was the first mission with more foreigners than Brazilians. This was the third hybrid mission. Hybrid missions involve: 1) remote activities (remotely, developed in a virtual way) and 2) in person (involving in situ operations to support the operation of Habitat Marte).

In the first day of mission, was discussed about space analog stations in the World  and the minimalism in Space Habitats: We will need to use just a few things, sometimes products that can present a multitask use. During first meeting, Agnieszka shared her experience what kind of roles are given to crew members in Polish Missions. 
During second conversation, Agnieszka described how Spacesuits in Polish Habitats looks like. Also she explained what is included in EVA protocol and what kind of challenges and simulated emergency situation she experienced (for example one of Analog Astronaut simulated that she had broken leg). 
Later, referring to this topic, Agnieszka sent daily schedule, which she created during previous Mission and she described second Polish Habitat created by Analog Astronaut Traning Center – AATC (https://www.astronaut.center).

Friday was a busy day. During the second day, We, Agnieszka Elwertowska (Vice-commander), Marco Romero (Chief engineeer), Eldridge de Melo (Scientist-chief), Maria Kondoyanni (BioHabitat Scientist-Chief), Arturo Escobar (Space engineer), Prof. Julio Rezende (Commander) and Davi Souza (Invited Researcher) had very good discussion about food production.
            Was discussed about climate change and the effects in the environment in Greece, related to desertification. Maria mentioned the bad use of the land and also not rational decisions about use of the natural resources. The crew started great discussions related to the limitations in water availability in dry lands and in lands affected by extensive agriculture. Davi commented that 60% of the land in Israel is covered by desert. And regardless of climate, water resources, and soil conditions, agricultural researches are important to have good results in food production. According to Eldrige, the technology helps to produce food. Also with him, in Brazilian Northeast,  is very hard to grow crops in the semiarid areas. It is necessary the learn in growing food in deserts and semiriad regions. In Poland there is a plant grown in closed system in Lunares. According to Julio is important to learn with traditional farmers. Would be important use the rover mentioned by Maria to make in situ monitoring of the cultivation environment, collecting climate and soil data. In this way, if you have problem with soil moisture, a pump would be turned on and automatically water the plant. This would be interesting to spark the interest of the children, visiting Habitat Marte. 
            According to Agnieszka, in Poland, in Analog Astronaut Traning Center Habitat, they grow cockroaches. 
During afternoon was discussed about Mars recycling. Was also mentioned what would happens one person dies in one mission.

During Saturday morning, Marco de Melo e Eldrige participate of a webinar. Some learning from the webinar:
- Inspire people (society) and future generations!
- inspire student be inspired about STEM.
- helps to understand the application of many topics studied in the school.
- work in solutions to improve local scientific contributions.
During the webinar were presented very good questions, such as: Does the aspirator, shoe insole, Powder milk and baby cereal have anything to do with space? Interesting see how space knowledge would aplied SmartCity is the future and space education plays a very important role in developing this concept because you need navigation, telecomunication, geospatial data will be very import for this to be possible (Eldrige de Melo).
In the afternoon, We discussed about education, complementing the discussion about how would be the education in Mars. Agnieszka presented her prototype of the Random Position Machine (RPM). This would be used as a tool to share knowledge about STEM and explore how micro-gravity affects on plants and bacterial samples. 
Space creates the interest about science! It is very interesting observe that Habitat Marte can inspire on space and sustainability in different countries.
Agnieszka suggested that members of the mission would create profiles in internet to share knowledge related to Space. As example, she told about her Facebook Page "Dark Horse Projects". 
In the end of afternoon (16h15m Brazil time), Julio Rezende travelled to Habitat Marte where worked in the technical report, the maintenance of BioHabitat.
Was carried interlocked floor to complete the BioHabitat construction.
Were founded 7 dead fishes in the tank of tilapia fish. It is the first time that We Were release 23 tilapias in a pond close to Habitat Marte. The water tank was presenting a strange smell of rottenness. Was connected oxygen to the tank trying to improve the water condition.
Was tested a small barbecue grill to prepare Frankurt sausage to the dinner. Some fun about! 
During the night session was discussed creative renovation of the façade of Habitat Marte. 

Sunday (May, 3rd 2020) was developed more one step in process of construction of the new aquaponic system based in the  Deep Water Culture – DWC model: were connected pipes of water flow; add fishes to main tanks and add water to the system. Started the operation of the pump and the water bomb.
Water parameters of the second Aquaponic System DWC: Nitrite: 0; Ph: 7;  Ammonia: 3,5. Temperature: 28.
The implementation of this new food production system in Habitat Marte, showed how important is decoupled production areas to avoid possible risks, contamination and large losses. What could be crucial for future inhabitants on Mars.

During Sunday happened a Live in English from Habitat Marte, starting 12h PM. The live was transmitted from Habitat Marte with tens of participants from different parts of the World. The live was very interesting as a form to interact with international audience. 
During the Live was presented the activities developed in Habitat Marte:
- Build the infrastructure,
- Maintenance and cleaning,
- research,
- protocols to keep the health in aquaponic system,
- develop new technologies, as SpaceAqua.

In the second meeting of Sunday was discussed the energy supply in International Space Station – ISS and also presented new nuclear energy technologies to be used in Mars: Kilopower. Was also presented the psychological protocol, the final survey and the last guidelines to conclude the mission.

            During Monday (May, 4th, 2020) was evaluated the mission, prepared the final report and was done a final evaluation of the mission.
            
            For Davi Souza, as a participant in other missions in Habitat Marte, this mission was very interesting due to the experiences shared from a multidisciplinary team. People with different academic backgrounds and different realities can teach us a lot, which also contribute to we have new space-related perspectives.
It is interesting see how the space knowledge is spread in World. This is explained by motivation and knowledge shared in internet. The mission was important to know more about different cultures and share inclusiveness between different countries. 
More information about the missions and the Habitat Marte can be found at www.HabitatMarte.com. 

Prof. Julio Rezende (commander). 

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